Frozen Shoulder / Adhesive Capsulitis

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition that causes pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint. It occurs when the connective tissue surrounding the shoulder joint becomes inflamed and thickened, restricting movement and causing pain.

Causes of Frozen Shoulder:

The exact cause of frozen shoulder is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to inflammation and scarring in the shoulder joint. Other factors that may contribute to the development of frozen shoulder include:

  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid problems
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Immobilisation of the shoulder due to injury or surgery
  • Repetitive activities that strain the shoulder joint

Symptoms of Frozen Shoulder:

The symptoms of frozen shoulder can include:

  • Pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint
  • Difficulty moving the arm or shoulder
  • A popping or cracking sensation when moving the shoulder
  • Weakness in the affected arm
  • Loss of range of motion in the shoulder

Diagnosis of Frozen Shoulder:

I can diagnose frozen shoulder through a physical exam and imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI or ultrasound. During a physical exam, I will check for tenderness, range of motion, and any visible swelling or deformity in the shoulder area. Imaging tests can confirm the diagnosis and determine the extent of the inflammation and scarring.

Treatment of Frozen Shoulder:

Treatment for frozen shoulder depends on the severity of the condition. Mild cases may be treated with rest, ice, and pain medication. More severe cases may require a combination of treatments, such as:

  • Physical therapy: exercises to help maintain range of motion and strength in the shoulder joint
  • Steroid injections: injections of anti-inflammatory medication to reduce pain and inflammation
  • Surgery: if other treatments do not provide relief, surgery may be necessary to remove the scar tissue or release the joint capsule.

Recovery from Frozen Shoulder:

Recovery from frozen shoulder depends on the severity of the condition and the type of treatment received. Mild cases may resolve with rest and physical therapy, while more severe cases may require surgery and rehabilitation. Most patients are able to manage their symptoms and return to their normal activities with appropriate treatment.

In conclusion, frozen shoulder is a condition that can cause pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint due to inflammation and scarring. If you suspect you have frozen shoulder, it is important to seek medical attention promptly to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. With proper treatment and rehabilitation, most people are able to manage their symptoms and maintain their shoulder function.